What is Verb? – Verbs used in a sentence and types of verbs

We will be learning about the VERB in detail, how verb use in a sentence, different types of verbs, etc. The basic foundation is extremely important for learning any skill. Similarly, GRAMMAR is the foundation of the English language. Here we will be going through the basics of the ‘VERB’.

There are eight parts of speech in total. This includes the noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, conjunction, preposition, and interjection.

Verbs used in a sentence

What is Verb?

Verbs are words that denote an action of doing something, an event of an occurrence, or a state. This is one of the main parts of speech. Most sentences in Grammar require verbs. Because without them, the sentence would be ambiguous. We need verbs to understand the action/ event happening in the sentence.

How do you recognize verbs in a sentence?

● Verbs come almost immediately after the noun/pronoun i.e. the Subject in the sentence.

For Example:

  • Sam drinks wine.
  • Milind swims in the afternoon.

The verbs are ‘drinks‘ and ‘swims‘. They come after the Subject in the sentence, the nouns Sam and Milind.

How is a VERB used in a sentence?

A verb usually separates the Subject from the Predicate(rest of the sentence)

Let’s see a few examples:

  1. Action:
  • He was walking down the street.
  • Sam came running home.

In these cases, ‘walking‘ and ‘running‘ are the actions performed.

2. Event of occurrence:

  • The accident happened so fast that nobody realized until the noise was heard.
  • It turned into a series of misfortunes.

3. State:

He stood there as the car went by.
He stayed behind the entire time.

The person is in a fixed state where he is ‘standing‘ and ‘staying‘.

Most of the verbs have two types of participle, present participle and past participle.

Present participles end in -ing as a suffix.

For Examples:

  • The tiring journey left them hungry for food.
  • It became a laughing matter.

Past participles end in -ed, -en, -d, -t, -n as suffices.

For Examples:

  • The broken man had no place to go.
  • The burnt house stood on top of the mountain.
  • The elated man jumped on top of her.

The elated man jumped on top of her.

There are two main categories of verbs:

1. Transitive verb
2. Intransitive verb

  1. Transitive verbs: The object requires the Subject to act upon it.

    For Example:
  • Amy ate the whole pie.
  • He read the letter.

In this case, the action of ‘eating‘ is performed by Mary and the pie is the object.

2. Intransitive verbs: Intransitive verb does not have a direct object.

For Example:

  • The man cried.
  • Jane is sleeping.

In this case, the action is ‘crying‘, but there is no object.

Types of verbs

1. Dynamic verbs/ Action verbs
2. State-of-being verbs
3. Auxiliary verbs(Helping verbs)
4. Phrasal verbs
5. Linking verbs
6. Regular verbs
7. Irregular verbs

1. Dynamic verbs/ Action verbs:

As the name suggests, they are verbs that denote action. The actions include walking, talking, standing, running, and any form of physical activity that can be classified as action. As a reason, they are also called Dynamic verbs.

For Example:

  • He walked down the aisle.
  • Monica drank the whole night.

2. State-of-being verbs:

The state of being can be referred to as the state of existence of the Subject in the sentence. They convey how the Subject exists.

For Examples:

  • Rose stayed there the entire night.
  • The debris remained after the accident.

3. Auxiliary verbs:

Auxiliary verbs are also called helping verbs. An auxiliary verb adds a functional or grammatical meaning to the sentence. The primary auxiliary verbs in English are are, do, and have. The modal auxiliaries are can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, and would.

For Examples:

  • We are law-abiding citizens of this nation.
  • She will overcome her fear of dogs.

4. Phrasal verbs:

Phrasal verbs are individual verbs that act as phrases when combined.

For Examples:

  • She called off the wedding.
  • They all dressed up for the event.

5. Linking verbs:

As the name suggests, a linking verb is a verb that directly “links” the Subject to the rest of the words in the sentence.

For Examples:

  • I am an engineer.
  • She was here yesterday.

6. Regular verbs:

Verbs that follow a pattern

For Examples:

  • He walked down the street.
  • He was walking down the street.
  • She gave me the envelope.
  • They give their food to the poor.

The parts are based around the original ‘walk’ with suffices ‘ed’ and ‘ing’.

7. Irregular verbs:

Verbs that do not follow a pattern

For Examples:

  • She sings beautiful songs.
  • She sang a beautiful song.
  • He eats at a nearby restaurant.
  • She ate at a nearby restaurant.

The verbs use in a sentence can be understood through advanced concepts like Tense, Voice that indicate whether the action is being carried out in the present, or has been carried out in the past, or will be carried out in the future. The Voice helps us understand whether the subject is performing the action or whether the action is being performed on the Subject.

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