Types of phrases – What is phrase, All types of phrases and examples

When it comes to the English language or for that matter any language you will realize that phrases are something that is frequently used. Though we use or come across them frequently there is little understanding most of us about them. So, it is important that we develop a good understanding of the same along with examples. And through this blog that is exactly what we will strive at doing. Let us begin by understanding what a phrase is?

What is a Phrase?

Putting it in simple language, a phrase is a small, often near- a meaningless group of words that communicate ideas. You use them in your writing and speech every day without even knowing it! Some phrases serve an illustrative role to make sentences clearer while others take on technical roles for clarity’s sake; all are used because they create rich meaning by adding context with detail or understanding respectively.

Let us look at some of the examples of Phrases-

The bewildered tourist
Wet and Stinky dog
I was waiting for the rain to stop
I was eager to eat dinner

There are many types of phrases that are usually used.

Types of Phrases

Several types of Phrases exist. Here we are discuss 8 types of phrase. Following are the examples of some types of phrases-

Types of Phrases
  • Noun Phrases
  • Adjective Phrase
  • Prepositional Phrase
  • Participle Phrase
  • Gerund Phrase
  • Infinitive Phrase
  • Appositive Phrase
  • Absolute Phrase

Noun Phrases

A Noun Phrase is a group of words. It contains the noun and, along with that functions as subject, object or prepositional object in sentences.

Examples of the Adjective Phrase

The lost puppy
A story as old as time
A cool Wet afternoon.

Adjective Phrase

An adjective phrase is a group of words that function as an adverb. The phrases themselves act like adjectives in sentences and can include at least one other word to help describe them better.

Examples of the Adjective Phrase

Smarter than me
Extremely delighted
Rather fond of
Fairly bored

Prepositional Phrase

A prepositional phrase is a group of words that can either modify an object or act like the noun they precede. A good example would be “in spite of.”

Examples of the Prepositional Phrase

According to the Weather Forecast
Across Many Desserts
After many tries
Amid the Confusion
At high speed
At high risk

The Participle Phrase

A participle phrase is a group of words containing both an adjective and adverb. They make up what we call “participles,” which are often used to describe someone’s mannerisms or personality traits in print, like passionate, argumentative and so on.

Examples of Participle Phrase

The boys sitting by the road
Coming to the University
Sitting in the Library
Coming to the office
Sitting alone

Gerund Phrase

A gerund phrase is a group of words that can be used as either an adjective or adverb. A Gerund in simple words is a noun made from a verb root plus “ing” (a present participle). A gerund phrase can function as a noun, and it’s often used as the subject of sentences. It’s also an object when acting like “that thing over there,” but sometimes we need to use “gerund” in place of just any old word–the predicate nominative is what tells us who does something (i e: he/she).A gerund phrase can act as the subject of a sentence, object like an adjective or adverb in phrases like “he runs fast” (which is why sports players often use them). Gerunds also work well with predicate nominatives; this type of clause has its verb acting both predicatively and Holdingsively.

Examples of the Gerund Phrase

Eating a Cake
Painting a fence
Eating a cake quickly
Taking a drink at the Watering hole
Taking off your shoes
Thinking what nobody had thought

The Infinitive Phrase

An infinitive phrase is a group of words made up by imperative nouns that describe action or state and the word to. Infinitives don’t always have to be in italics, but they can change how we feel about what’s being said because it adds emotionality without having too much sentimentality for those who may not know any better!

Examples of the Infinitive Phrase

To travel across Italy
To finish a new book

Appositive Phrase

An appositive noun or phrase is a closely related word that provides more information about the subject it follows; often times this can help define them in some way.

Examples of Appositive Phrase

Your friend Jack is in trouble
My brother’s Car a Sporty red convertible

Absolute Phrase

An absolute phrase is a group of words that modify the nouns in your sentence without connecting them with conjunctions.

There are three types: restrictive, non-restrictive and appositive

Examples of the Absolute Phrase

Hadley held onto the ball, his fingers squeezing it tightly
I will be back tomorrow, weather permitting


We hope by now you will have learned about the exact meaning of phrases, the different types of phrases, and also the examples of each type of the phrases that are there.

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